A4_9 Electric Ray Fish

Matthew Grant, Jasmine Sandhu, Amy Edgington, Naomi Rowe-Gurney


This paper examines how a higher resistivity of freshwater, in comparison to saltwater, results in an increased emf output produced by strongly electric ray fish in this habitat. It is discussed how the arrangement of biological electric cells relates to the emf output for both freshwater and saltwater fish.

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